When we talk about migration, you will hear two very similar terms; one is emigration and the other is immigration. They are virtually the same word aside from their beginnings. Although they both refer to migration, they take on slightly different meanings. Emigration is leaving a country to move somewhere else, whereas immigration is the process of entering a country.
So, when people migrate, it is important to recognize that they are both immigrants and emigrants at the same time but which term you use depends on whether you are leaving or entering the country.
A large number of students immigrate to other countries for higher studies. Some of the major countries of student immigration are the US, the UK, France, Germany, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Seek Consultants provide Immigration Services in Delhi so that students can easily move into a different country for studies. Also, they guide students on immigration policies of the country for which they are aiming. Here are the immigration policies of top countries for higher studies.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The US is the land of opportunity for both students and workers. However, upon completion of the course from a US institution, the student is not entitled to stay there and search for jobs. As a matter of fact, students are only allowed to study in the US if they explicitly mention in their application that they will leave the country promptly after the completion of the course.
Immigration and Visa Requirements of the US are the toughest to comply with and after the mishap of 11th September 2001, they have become even tougher. Visa Reform Act of 2002 requires students to file a tax which is solely used for tracking their visa application. This system has also made switching between visa categories difficult.
However, in 2007, Internship Scheme was launched by the Department of State which allows students to participate in year-long internships in the US. All the student has to do is prove how the internship will benefit them.
GERMANY AND FRANCE
Germany has come up with a single permit for both students and residents. This has made the process ever so easy and convenient. Also, students have the option to extend their residence permit up to an extent of 1 year after the completion of the course. This time can be utilized to search for a job.
Immigration policies in France allow students to work for up to 20 hours a week. After the completion of studies, students can accept employment offers in France but first, they have to get temporary employment authorization.
Canada is one of the best destinations for studies. Visa and immigration process is not required if the course duration is less than 6 months. Applying for a study permit is particularly useful and enables students to work up to 20 hours on or off campus. Post-Graduation Work Permit Program allows international graduates from Canadian universities to do a job in Canada for a period of up to 2 years.
A student visa is not required if the course duration is less than 3 months. Students are allowed to work 20 hours a week when enrolled in courses that span 6 months and above. If the student falls under the Skilled Migrant Category, they are allowed to study in New Zealand for a period of 2 years. This amendment was made in July 2007. Also, students with sufficient work experience can apply for a work visa after completion of studies.
The point system of the Australian visa is designed in such a way that encourages migration. Also, after completing a full-time course from an Australian university, students are allowed to stay up to 18 months in Australia.
Amendments in 2007 were made to strengthen the education system and allow students to earn work experience after their studies. Students completing a master’s degree are however required to apply for a work visa.
UK (United Kingdom)
UK government made some amendments in 2006 as a result of which science and engineering graduates can stay in the UK for up to 12 months and seek employment. Also, MBA students of the top 50 colleges can apply for a 3-year work visa in the UK after the completion of their studies.
Immigration and visa policies of the UK have become strict in the recent times. Seek Consultants are the Best Immigration Consultants in Delhi and they guide students on various requirements to comply with for getting a student visa. Strict entrance rules and period of post study-work are affected because of the amendments.
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